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February 2023: California Expands Restroom Access

15 Feb

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Update Applicable to:
All businesses open to the public sale of goods and have restrooms in the state of California.

What happened?
On September 30, 2022, Governor Newsom signed Assembly Bill 1632 (AB 1632) into law, requiring specific types of businesses to allow any individual to use the restroom.

What are the details?
Effective January 1, 2023, AB 1632 will require a place of business that is open to the general public for the sale of goods, and that has a toilet facility for its employees to allow any individual who is lawfully on the premises of that place of business to use that toilet facility during normal business hours, even if the place of business does not normally make the employee toilet facility available to the general public.

Businesses are subject to a civil penalty for a willful or grossly negligent violation of this requirement. However, businesses may not be sued for a violation as the bill does not create a private right of action.

Individuals with specified medical conditions have the right to access non-public restrooms if a public restroom is not immediately accessible to the individual, and as long as providing access would not create an obvious security risk to the place of business.

Businesses may require the individual to present reasonable evidence of an eligible medical condition or use of an ostomy device. That proof can include a signed statement by a licensed physician. The California Department of Public Health will also provide a form on its internet website that may be provided as evidence of the medical condition.

For more information, please see the links below:

Assembly Bill 1632 (AB 1632)

Article 1Article 2

What do employers need to do?
Employers should review the links above and consider adopting a written policy for their employees to ensure rightful restroom access is given to a requesting individual.

Need help understanding how changes to employment laws will affect your business?

Learn more about how Vensure's California PEO services can help you navigate complex employment laws and keep your business compliant.


This communication is intended solely for the purpose of conveying information. The present post might incorporate hyperlinks directing readers to websites managed by third-party entities. The inclusion of any links within this communication is meant to serve as points of reference and could encompass opinion articles from various law firms, articles from HR associations, official websites, news releases, and documents of government agencies, and other relevant third-party sources. Vensure has no authority over these external websites and bears no responsibility for their content. Furthermore, Vensure does not endorse the materials present on these websites. The contents of this communication should not be interpreted as legal advice or as a legal standpoint concerning specific facts or scenarios. Nor should it be deemed an exhaustive compilation of facts potentially pertinent to federal, state, or local laws. It is strongly advised that employers solicit legal guidance from an employment attorney when undertaking actions in response to any legal updates provided. This is due to the possibility of future alterations occurring in federal, state, and local laws, regulations, as well as the directives and guidelines issued by governing agencies. These changes may transpire at any given time, potentially rendering certain portions of the content within this update void or inaccurate.

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